Inverting the Toxic Triangle

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In partnership with GOOD Magazine, the Academy of Art University’s School of Graphic Design mobilized its students to deploy design to address real problems within the city of San Francisco. GOOD Magazine challenged students to address intractable social and sustainable problems that confront the city. Undergraduate and graduate students identified, researched, and tackled these challenges with unique, sustainable solutions. Student teams were asked to consider involving the communities in devising the solution to the problem at hand. Team Energy: Tessa Fish. Instructor: Phil Hamlett.

Phil Hamlett, Instructor

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September 30, 2011
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San Francisco prides itself as one of the world’s most environmentally conscious cities. However, low income communities in the Bay Area’s “Toxic Triangle” bear the burden of pollution caused by the activity of oil refineries and lingering effects of abandoned industrial plants and military defense facilities.


Team Energy proposes building an Urban Energy Center on Treasure Island to address the Toxic Triangle’s environmental issues. This facility would promote energy research and education, unite three disparate communities fighting for positive change, and serve as inspiration for victims of environmental injustice everywhere.